As Director of International Policy at New Zealand’s Ministry for Primary Industries, Phil Houlding leads teams focused on trade policy (including international standards-setting bodies), environmental negotiations, international fisheries issues, and New Zealand’s international agriculture relationships. Prior to taking up his current role in February 2019, Houlding was Trade and Economic Counsellor at the New Zealand Embassy in Washington DC. He was responsible for leading the Embassy’s advocacy efforts in Washington on trade, environment and economic issues, including the Trans-Pacific Partnership. Prior to taking up his assignment in Washington, he was the Trade and Economic Manager for the Meat Industry Association of New Zealand, representing processors and exporters of beef and lamb with a particular focus on political advocacy and market access. Before that, Phil spent 8 years with New Zealand’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade, principally working on trade policy, including leading market access negotiations in trade negotiations with Korea, India and in the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP). Houlding holds a First Class Master’s degree in English literature, a BA in German and a BSc in Applied Mathematics from the University of Auckland.