Yuko Harayama is an Executive Member of the Council for Science and Technology Policy in the Cabinet Office of Japan. She is the former Deputy Director of the Directorate for Science, Technology and Innovation at the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. Harayama is a Legion D’Honneur recipient (Chevalier), and was awarded an honorary doctorate from the University of Neuchâtel. Previously, she was Professor in the Department of Management Science and Technology at the Graduate School of Engineering of Tohoku University. She holds a Ph.D. in education sciences and a Ph.D. in economics, both from the University of Geneva.